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Surya Gangadharan
Monday , April 22, 2013 at 19 : 39

Pros and cons of a two-front war


Fresh from three weeks of gruelling drills that involved all operational commands, the Air Force says it's ready for a two-front war (the brass prefers to call it contingency). In these three weeks the brass says they moved aircraft across commands, simulated every wartime scenario, accounted for aircraft and pilots lost in enemy action etc.

Air Marshal AK Singh, former chief of Western Air Command, says the military always plans for a two-front war. It's been factored into war planning even before 2009 when the government woke up to the possibility of having to fight on two fronts simultaneously.

While the exercise appears to have gone on off well, AK Singh is less optimistic says fighting on two fronts will be a tough call.

"If you talk of a China going along with Pakistan then we will certainly be hard pushed to contain on both fronts and I envisage with the current strength of the Air Force it will be nigh impossible to take on both fronts at the same time," he said.

The facts on the ground do bear out his reservations.

In nine years the Air Force will be retiring no less than 11 squadrons, most of them of the MiG variety. Considering the Air Force has 34 squadrons now, it means in nine years the strength will be down to 23, about the same as Pakistan's!

Consider also that the Chinese air force is continuing to expand and modernise. Presently it's about eight times larger than the IAF, that figure could hit the ten figure mark in nine years. It's a nightmare scenario for the Air Force brass.

So apart from building up the Sukhoi, Mirage and Jaguar squadrons, the brass wants to expedite two projects, the MMRCA Rafale and the LCA Tejas. Senior officers were hopeful of concluding contract negotiations on the Rafale by September. That could pave the way for the gradual induction of the Rafale in about four years time thereby partly making up the fighter deficit.

The brass is also hoping Initial Operational Clearance-2 will be achieved for the LCA by the year end. But IOC-1 or 2 doesn't actually exist in aviation parlance. It was an Indian "innovation", designed to boost the morale of the scientists and engineers working on a project now 20 years old.

The fact is the LCA is deficient on more than 100 technical parameters. It includes the GE-F404 engine which is underpowered (this will be corrected in the LCA Mark-2 when the more powerful GE-F414 engine powers up). After every sortie it requires three days maintenance (other aircraft require 30 minutes), the landing gear overheats requiring a team on hand to apply liquid nitrogen to cool it down. The radar has not been integrated as yet and earlier there were problems with the ejection seat (which grounded the aircraft for three months).

Some believe the aircraft will never fly operationally with the Air Force. Given that two squadrons of LCA-I and four of LCA-2 were planned, how the deficit in fighter strength will be made up is not clear. Others however say that it's not a question of if but when the LCA will fly in IAF colours.

"The problems have been identified, they can be resolved, these are not insurmountable," said a high level source.

The brass is keeping its fingers crossed, both for the Rafale and the LCA. As for the two-front war, nobody believes it's going to happen tomorrow or in the near future. But it's always good to know your strengths and weaknesses in the event the balloon goes up.


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More about Surya Gangadharan

Surya Gangadharan is International Affairs Editor at CNN IBN and was in Egypt to cover the anti-government movement. He has covered wars in Afghanistan, the UN intervention in Somalia and Rwanda, elections in Pakistan and the civil conflict in Sri Lanka where he interviewed the top leadership of that time. He has worked for the Straits Times Group in Singapore and also for PTI, the Indian Express and India Today in India.