Modi observed that the relationship was far below potential and expressed hope that the two sides would strive to achieve in five years the unrealised potential of five decades.
Rao took over from Gujarat Governor OP Kohli, who was given additional charge of Maharashtra after K. Sankaranarayanan resigned from the post Sunday.
The Bill could not be passed in the Budget session because of stiff resistance from various opposition parties.
Three days after a student complained of being stripped and ragged in Visva-Bharati University in West Bengal, police on Saturday arrested three students in the case.
It maintained that Pakistan meeting Kashmiri separatiste ahead of talks with India was a long-standing practice.
Discussions are also expected to focus on civil nuclear cooperation and help by Japan in improving India's infrastructure.
A Scottish energy major and modern technology have combined to bring about a revolution in two districts of Rajasthan.
Pikachu and Link will be among the first characters coming to amiibo set for release later this year.
The trial will be available for free for up to 60 passengers on selected flights from now until October.