Brisbane: Ed Cowan and Michael Clarke added an unbeaten 71 to rescue Australia from 40 for 3 in their reply to South Africa's 450 on the third day of the first Test at Gabba on Sunday.
Cowan (49) and Clarke (34) batted valiantly to take their team to 111 for 3 at stumps.
Earlier, Australia lost David Warner (4), Rob Quiney (9) and Ricky Ponting (0) in quick succession. Warner fell to Dale Steyn in the sixth over as Jacques Kallis took a waist-high cat at first slip, while Quiney was caught by Steyn at deep fine leg off Morne Morkel. Morkel then induced Ponting to play a drive outside his off-stump and Kallis took his second catch in the slips.
The Aussies fought back to bowl out the visitors for 450 soon after tea. JP Duminy, who has been ruled out of the series on account of an ankle injury, didn't bat.
Ben Hifenhaus removed Dale Steyn (15) and Morne Morkel (0) in quick succession to bring the Proteas innings to a close.
James Pattinson sent back Kallis (147) and AB de Villiers (40) early in the second session to bring the Aussies back into the contest. Nathan Lyon and Peter Siddle made further inroads getting rid of Jacques Rudolph (31) and Vernon Philander (11) respectively.
Kallis tried to cut Aussie pacer James Pattinson over the slips but found Rob Quiney at gulley. Pattinson struck again in the next over as de Villiers gave a simple catch to Warner at point.
In the first session , Kallis and Hashim Amla played beautifully to take South Africa to 357 for 3 at lunch.
After the washout on day two, the Proteas resumed from 255 for 2 and soon Amla reached three figures. His innings of 104 came to an end after Siddle trapped him lbw.
de Villiers joined Kallis at the crease and they closed out the session with Kallis unbeaten on 137.
Kallis posted his 44th Test century and rarely appeared troubled by the Australian attack, hitting 13 boundaries and a six. He shared a 165-run stand with Amla, who raised his 17th Test hundred. Also, it was Amla's third ton against Australia in as many Tests.