Pujara departed for 159, while MS Dhoni scored 73 as India lost five wickets in the afternoon session.
Tea Report: After setting up a launch pad for a big score, the Indian batsmen faltered in their approach and lost five wickets in the afternoon session to get all out for 438 on the second day of the first Test against New Zealand in Hyderabad on Friday.
Jeetan Patel got rewards for his persistence as he tempted the settled Indian batsmen, Cheteshwar Pujara (159) and MS Dhoni (73), to play false strokes, thus picking up crucial wickets in the second session.
Pujara's impressive knock ended when his miscued hoick off Jeetan Patel found James Franklin who back-pedalled from mid-on to take a good catch. Dhoni too didn't last long as his attempt to clear mid-off failed as Doug Bracewell leaned upwards to snap up a fine catch.
Zaheer Khan got out to a snorter from Trent Boult whose length delivery on the off stump got a top edge from Zaheer's bat before being taken neatly by the diving Kruger van Wyk behind the wickets.
Ashwin, meanwhile, looked extremely confident, showing the technique and temperament of a top order batsman. He was nicely behind the line against the pacers and hit the offspinner Patel for runs through the covers. But his vigil ended when he came down the track but missed a full length delivery from Patel and was stumped for 37.
Umesh Yadav was the last man to go when he got run out to an unnecessary single attempted by Pragyan Ojha.
Brief score: India 438 all out in 134.3 overs; Cheteshwar Pujara 159, MS Dhoni 73; Jeetan Patel 4 for 100, Trent Boult 3 for 93.
Lunch Report: Respecting the overcast conditions that delayed the start of play, India made a cautious start, adding 64 runs and reaching 371 for 5 at lunch on day two of the first Test against New Zealand in Hyderabad on Friday.
Cheteshwar Pujara and skipper MS Dhoni, the overnight not out batsmen, took their time to get their eye in before start milking the Kiwi bowlers who were disciplined to the most part of the morning session.
Pujara continued to look solid at the crese, playing some delectable shots to bring up his maiden 150 while Dhoni too got to his 25th half-century.
There were two chances offered by the Indian batsmen, but just like yesterday, the New Zealand fielders were unable to grab on to them. Doug Bracewell, who could only bowl 10.4 overs after pulling his hamstring on Thusday, induced an outside edge from Dhoni's bat but the ball landed short of both the diving Kruger van Wyk, the wicketkeeper, and Ross Taylor, standing in the first slip.
Pujara should be thanking his lucky stars after Brendon McCullum, one of the safest fielders for New Zealand, fumbled and couldn't throw in time at the striker's end where Pujara could have fell short had the ball been thrown instantly.
But apart from these two chances, the two batsmen hardly gave anything away, bringing up the 100-run partnership, the second in which Pujara was involved. He shared 125 runs for the fourth wicket with Virat Kohli on Thursday.
Brief Score: 371 for 5 in 108 overs; Cheteshwar Pujara 151*, MS Dhoni 61*; Trent Boult 2 for 77