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Hanged and buried: Events which led to the execution of Afzal Guru


Divya Iyer,CNN-IBN
Feb 10, 2013 at 07:54am IST

New Delhi: It's been more than 11 years since five terrorists attacked Parliament and opened indiscriminate fire killing nine people on December 13, 2001. While police succeeded in killing all the terrorists on the spot, five Delhi policemen, a woman CRPF constable, two members of the watch and ward staff and a gardener also lost their lives in the attack. One video journalist, who was injured in the attack, also succumbed to his injuries later taking the death toll to 10.

People who died in the attack were:

Nanak Chand (Asst Sub-Inspector, Delhi Police), Ram Pal (Asst Sub-Inspector, Delhi Police), Om Prakash (Constable, Delhi Police), Bijendra Singh (Head Constable, Delhi Police), Ghanshyam (Head Constable,Delhi Police), Kamlesh Kumari (Constable, CRPF), Jagdish Prasad Yadav (Watch and Ward Staff), Matbar Singh Negi (Watch and Ward Staff), Desraj (CPWD employee) and Vikram Bisht (Video Journalist).

The Delhi Police later arrested and charged Mohammad Afzal Guru - a member of terrorist outfit Jaish-e-Muhammad - for conspiracy and execution of the terror attack. His cousin Shaukat Hussain Guru and wife Afsan Guru along with SAR Geelani of Delhi University's Zakir Hussain College were also arrested. While Geelani and Afsan Guru were later acquitted, the Supreme Court in August 2005 confirmed death sentence for Afzal Guru and commuted Shaukat Hussain's death sentence to 10 years of rigorous imprisonment.

With the help of 80 witnesses and the recovery of explosives that Delhi Police made from his hideout in the national capital, Afzal Guru was charged with:

- Conspiring to commit and knowingly facilitate the commission of a terrorist act.

- Voluntarily harbouring and concealing the deceased terrorists - an offence punishable Under Section 3(3) (4) and (5) of Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act.

Police also recovered Rs 10 lakh cash from Afzal Guru. The money was given to him by the terrorists who attacked Parliament. Though Afzal Guru remained on death row for nearly 11 years, the road to his execution was not a simple one. Few political parties and human rights' activists claimed that he had not received a fair trial and pleaded that his death sentence be commuted.

Here is a chronology of events:

December 18, 2002: A Delhi court awards death sentence to Afzal Guru.

October 3, 2006: Afzal Guru's wife Tabasum files a mercy petition with then president APJ Abdul Kalam.

January 12, 2007: The Supreme Court dismisses Afzal Guru's plea seeking review of his death sentence.

May 19, 2010: The Delhi government rejects Afzal Guru's mercy petition, endorses capital punishment awarded to him by the apex court.

December 30, 2010: Shaukat Hussain Guru released from Tihar Jail.

January 21, 2013: Recommendation sent to President Pranab Mukherjee to hang Afzal Guru.

February 3, 2013: President Pranab Mukherjee signed the recommendation, giving it his approval.

February 4, 2013: Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde signs the recommendation. On February 8, the final date for execution is decided.

February 9, 2013: Afzal Guru was hanged at Tihar Jail at 8 am.

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