Feb 14, 2011 at 08:18pm IST

Know your onions

1. The onion is probably one of the oldest vegetables that man consumed and has been traced back to about 5000 BC. In the land of the Pharaohs, the dead were buried along with onions as the Egyptians believed it would help bring breath back to the mummies. Onions also feature in the paintings inside pyramids.

2. In ancient Greece and Rome, gladiators would rub themselves down with onions to firm their muscles. Whether this was to keep the lions at bay or a marinade is unclear.

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3. In modern times, onions are the subject of various myths.

Know your onions

Rising prices are threatening to put onions in the realm of the exotic.

- Rubbing windshields with onions prevents the formation of frost

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on them.

- Application on the scalp helps the growth of hair.

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- Carrying an onion in your shirt pocket will protect you from the summer heat and hot, dry winds.

4. Chopping onions (and now, paying for them) can make you weep. There are a number of folk ‘remedies’ to prevent that.

- Chewing on a toothpick.

- Lighting a candle nearby.

- Washing them in cold water (somewhat effective).

- Wrapping your face in cling film (dangerous!).

5. Whatever the myths and common beliefs, science has agreed that onions have genuine health benefits.

- They are rich in anti-oxidants that reduce blood pressure, cholesterol and the risks of heart attacks.

- Among women, they are believed to reduce the chances of colon and ovarian cancer.

- They contain quercetin that, research studies have shown, inhibits production of histamine and other substances that aggravate allergies.

6. The outer layers of the onion contain most of its properties and, if you are looking to benefit from it, you must peel off as little of the outer layers as possible. Eating them raw would be a good idea, but if you must boil them, do so on a low flame.