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On the fifth and final day, Australia fought hard but eventually lost to England by 14 runs in a tense finish.
Day 4 round-up: At the start of day's play, Stuart Broad and Ian Bell put up a brief resistance before Broad was removed by James Pattinson for 65. After that Bell kept his cool to reach his 18th Test century and it was matter of time when England were all out for 375.
James Anderson got his fifth wicket to finish the match off, dismissing Brad Haddin for 71, as England beat Australia by 14 runs in the first Test.
Then Australia got off to a good start in their second innings as Shane Watson (46) and Chris Rogers (52) grafted at the crease, but after their wickets fell the visitors lost quick wickets. At stumps Australia were 174 for 6 and require 137 runs to win.
Day 3 round-up: Ian Bell (95) and Stuart Broad (47) compiled an unbeaten 108-run stand for the seventh wicket as England took a big lead of 261 runs over Australia.
The highlight of the day's play was Staurt Broad's non-walk incident. Broad got a thick edge to Michael Clarke at first slip off Ashton Agar and he was given not out by umpire Aleem Dar with Australia not left with any reviews. Broad along with Bell revived England and powered the hosts to a decent lead.
Day 2 round-up: At the start of day two, Australia were 75 for 4 but the England bowlers picked quick wickets to reduce the tourists to 117 for 9. Then came out the debutant Ashton Agar at number 11 and kept England at bay with his impressive 98. Agar fell two runs short of his century while going for a pull shot and playing it to Graeme Swann at deep midwicket.
But his 98 took him to the history books as he registered the highest score by a number 11 batsman. He was supported well by Phil Hughes who remained unbeaten at 81 as Australia were all out for 280. At the end of day's play England were 80 for 2 and a lead of 15 runs with Alastair Cook batting on 37 and Kevin Pietersen on 35.
Day 1 round-up: After a breathless Day 1 of the first Test at Nottingham, which saw England bowled out for 215 and Australia limping to 75 for 4.
After electing to bat on Wednesday, England were dismissed for 215, with Peter Siddle claiming 5 for 50, only for England to roar back into the contest as James Anderson (2 for 25) and Steven Finn (2 for 37) ran through the tourists' top order.