Jul 17, 2012 at 06:56pm IST

SSC: Junior Engineer (Civil & Electrical) Exam & Syllabus

Scheme of Examination

The Examination will be conducted in two stages:

Written Test (500 marks)

The details and syllabus of the Junior Engineer (Civil & Elect) Exam conducted by the SSC.

Interview (100 marks)

Paper I: Objective type

General Intelligence & Reasoning

General Awareness

Part A: General Engineering (Civil & Structural)

Part B: General Engineering (Electrical)

Part C: General Engineering (Mechanical)

Paper II Conventional Type

Part A: General Engineering (Civil & Structural)

Part B: General Engineering (Electrical)

Part C: General Engineering (Mechanical)


1. In Paper I and Paper II for General Engineering, the candidate can attempt any one part i.e. Part A or Part B or Part C.

2. Candidates are allowed to bring their own Slide–Rule, Non Programmable Calculator, Logarithm Tables and Steam Table for Paper-II only. They are not allowed for Paper I.

3. Candidates qualifying in Paper I only those will be evaluated Paper II.

Mobile Phone or any other electronic / electrical device other than specified Calculator is not permitted.

4. There will be negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer in Paper I.

5. Candidates, who secure at least the minimum qualifying marks in the written examination, are eligible to appear for Interview. The interview will be held at places as may be decided by the Commission.

6. SC/ST candidates called for interview will be paid TA as per Government Orders. However no TA is payable to any candidate for appearing in the written examination.

7. Canvassing in any form will disqualify the candidate.


Questions in Engineering subjects will be approximately of the level of Diploma in Engineering (Civil, Electrical, Mechanical etc) from a recognized Institute, Board or University and recognized by All India Board of Technical Education. All the questions will be set in SI units.

The details of the syllabus are given below:

PAPER I – Part I (General Intelligence & Reasoning)

The Syllabus for General Intelligence would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal type, it includes questions on:




Space visualization

Problem solving



Decision making

Visual memory



Relationship concepts

Arithmetical reasoning

Verbal and figure classification

Arithmetical number series.

The test will also include questions designed to test the candidate’s abilities to deal with abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships, arithmetical computations and other analytical functions.

PAPER II – Part II (General Awareness)

Questions will be aimed at testing the candidate's general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to society. Questions will be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and neighbouring countries especially pertaining to:




Economic Scene

General Polity

Scientific Research

PAPER II – Part III (General Engineering)

A. Civil Engineering

Building Materials

Physical and Chemical properties


Standard tests

Uses and manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building stones, silicate based materials, cement (Portland), Asbestos products, Timber and Wood based Products, laminates, bituminous materials, paints, varnishes.


Principles of surveying

Working of prismatic compass and bearings

Plane table surveying

Theodolite traverse

Adjustment of theodolite

Levelling and contouring


Refraction correction

Permanent adjustment of dumpy level

Methods of contouring and uses of a contour map

Tachometric survey.

Soil Mechanics

Origin of soil phase diagram


Of void ratio porosity

Degree of saturation

Water content specific gravity of soil grains and unit weights

Grain size distribution curves for different solid and their uses

Atterjerg's limits isi soil classification

Plasticity chart

Coefficient of permeability

Effective stress

Consolidation of soils.


Calculation shear strength of soils

Direct shear test

Vane shear test

Triaxial test

Soil compaction

Lab compaction

Lab compaction test

Moisture content and bearing capacity of soils

Plate load test

Standard penetration test.


Fluid properties


Measurements of flow

Bernoulli's theorem and its application

Floor through pipes

Flow in open channels




Pumps and turbines.

Environmental Engineering

Quality of water

Source of water supply

Purification of water

Distribution of water

Need of sanitation

Sewerage systems

Circular sewers

Oval sewer

Sewer appurtenances

Surface water drainage sewage treatments

B. Electrical Engineering

Basic Electrical Engg. & Electt. Measurements

Concepts of currents



Power and energy

Their units

Ohm's law.

Circuit Law: Kirchhoff’s law

Solution of simple network problems

Network theorems and their applications

Electro-magnetism concept of flux



Magnetic circuits

Electro-magnetic induction

Self and mutual inductance.

A.C. fundamentals



R.m.s. And average values of alternating waves

Equation of sinusoidal wave form

Simple series and parallel a.c. Circuits consisting of R.L. and C. Resonance

Measurement and measuring instruments

Moving coil and moving iron ammeters and voltmeters

Extension of range

Watt meters



Basic Electronics

Electrical machines

Basic principles D

C motors of generators

Their characteristics

Speed control and starting of D.C. motors

Losses and efficiency of D.C. machines.

1-phase and 3-phase Transformers

Principles Of Operation

Equivalent Circuit

Voltage Regulation O.C. And S.C. Tests


Auto Transformers

Synchronous Machines

Generation Of Three Phase Emf

Armature Reaction

Voltage Regulation

Parallel Operation Of Two Alternators


Staring And Applications Of Synchronous Motors

3-Phase Induction Motor

Rotating Magnetic Field

Principle Of Operation

Equivalent Circuit

Torque Speed Characteristics

Starting And Speed Control Of 3-Phase Induction Motors

Fractional Kw Motors

1-Phase Induction Motors A.C. Series Motor

Reluctance Motor

General, Transmission and Distribution

Different types of power stations

Load factor

Diversity factor

Demand factor

Simple problems thereon

Cost of generation inter connection of power stations

Power factor improvement

Various types of tariffs

Types of faults

Short circuit current for symmetrical faults

Switchgears-rating of circuit breakers:

- Principles of a are extinction by oil and air

- H.R.C. fuses

- Protection earthier leakage

- Over current Buchhotgz relay

- Merz-Prince system of protection of generators & transformers

- Protection of feeders and bus bars.

- Lightning arresters

- Various transmission and distribution systems

- Comparison of conductor materials

- Efficiency for different systems.

Utilization of Electrical Energy


Electric heating

Electric welding


Electric drivers and motors

C. Mechanical Engineering

Flow of Fluids

Laminar & turbulent flow

Equation of continuity

Bernoulli's theorem

Measurement of discharge

Flow through pipes

Friction losses

Forces of jet impinging on vanes


Work done and efficiency

Classification of turbines & pumps

Thermal Engineering

Laws of thermodynamics

Change in entropy in various processes

Properties of steam

Uses of steam table & charts

Construction and Working of Cochran

Lancashire Locomotive and Babcock and Wilcox boilers

Working of steam turbine

Otto and Diesel Cycles

Working of IC engines


Solex Carburettor

Diesel fuel pump & injector

Cooling & lubrication

Production Engineering

Foundry-Different casting processes

Concept of patterns

Types of mould making

Puring defect in castings

Causes & remedies

Welding-classification and types of welding

Testing and defects in welds

Lathes-working of lathe:

- Various tools

- Operation on lathes

- Types of lathes

- Drilling operations performed on drilling machines

- Description

- Principles of working and various operations on machine tools milling machine

- Shaper

- Grinder

- Boring and slotting machines

Strength of Materials

Stresses in composite bars

Relation between elastic constants

Resilience under different types of loads

SF and BM diagrams

Stresses in bearns-combined direct and bending stresses

Struts and columns - Euler's and Rankin's theories

Torsion of circular shafts

Theory of Machines

Simple Mechanisms - Four bar chain

Slider crank chain

Double slider crank chain

Flywheel - Turning moment diagrams

Fluctuation of energy

Friction-in collar and pivots

Plate clutch

Conical clutch

Journal bearing

Transmission of power through flat and V- belts

Gears, profile of gears

Governors-Watt and Hartnell governors

D. Structural Engineering

Theory of structures

Elasticity constants

Types of beams

Determinate and indeterminate

Bending moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported

Cantilever and over hanging beams

Moment of area and moment of inertia for rect. & circular section

Bending moment and shear stress for tee

Channel and compound sections


Dams and retaining walls

Eccentric loads

Slope deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams

Critical load and columns

Torsion of circular section.

Concrete Technology


Advantages and uses of concrete

Cement aggregates

Importance of water quality

Water cement ratio


Mix design






Finishing and curing of concrete

Quality control of concrete

Hot weather and cold weather concreting

Repair and maintenance of concrete structure

RCC Design

RCC beams:

- Flexural strength

- Shear strength

- Bond strength

- Design of single reinforced beams

- Lintels

- Cantilever beams

- Double reinforced beams

- One way slabs

- Two way slabs

- Isolated footings

- Reinforced brick work

- T-beams

- Columns

- Staircases

- Retaining walls water tanks (RCC design questions may be based on both Limit State method and Working Stress method)

Steel Design

Steel design and construction of steel columns

Beams roof trusses plate girders