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Timeline: Ayodhya dispute over the years

ibnlive.com
May 09, 2011 at 01:27pm IST

New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Monday stayed the Allahabad High Court's verdict on Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid title dispute.

Here is a timeline of events

1949: Muslims allege that Hindus placed idols of Lord Ram inside the mosque leading to civil suits by both parties. The government proclaims the premises a disputed area and locks the gates.

Timeline: Ayodhya dispute over the years

A timeline of events in the Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid title dispute.

1984: The Vishwa Hindu Parishad spearheads a movement to 'liberate' the birth-place of Lord Ram and build a temple. Then Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader LK Advani takes over leadership of campaign.

1986: District judge orders the gates of the disputed mosque to be opened to allow Hindus to worship there. The Babri Mosque Action Committee is set up in protest.

1989: VHP lays the foundations of a Ram temple on land adjacent to the disputed mosque.

1990: VHP volunteers partially damage the mosque. Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar tries to resolve the dispute through negotiations.

1991: BJP comes to power in Uttar Pradesh.

1992: The mosque is torn down by supporters of the VHP, the Shiv Sena and the BJP, prompting nationwide rioting between Hindus and Muslims.

1998: The BJP forms coalition government under Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee.

2001: Tensions rise on the anniversary of the demolition of the mosque. VHP pledges again to build Hindu temple at the site. Vajpayee sets up an Ayodhya cell in his office and appoints a senior official, Shatrughna Singh, to hold talks with Hindu and Muslim leaders.

2002: BJP rules out committing itself to the construction of a temple in its election manifesto for Uttar Pradesh assembly elections. VHP confirms deadline of March 15 to begin construction. Hundreds of volunteers converge on site. At least 58 people are killed in an attack on a train in Godhra which is carrying Hindu activists returning from Ayodhya.

March 2002: Hundreds of people die in riots in Gujarat following the train attack.

April 2002: Three High Court judges begin hearings on determining who owns the religious site.

January 2003: Archaeologists begin a court-ordered survey to find out whether a temple to Lord Ram existed on the site.

August 2003: The survey says there is evidence of a temple beneath the mosque, but Muslims dispute the findings.

September 2003: A court rules that seven Hindu leaders should stand trial for inciting the destruction of the Babri Mosque. No charges are brought against Advani.

November 2004: A court in Uttar Pradesh rules that LK Advani's role in the demolition of the Babri Masjib be reviewed.

July 2005: Suspected militants attack the makeshift Ram temple at the site, using a jeep laden with explosives. The CRPF shoots dead all five militants in a gunfight while one civilian dies in the grenade attack that the terrorists launched in order to breach the cordoned wall.

June 2009: The Liberhan commission investigating the mosque's demolition submits its report.

July 2010: The High Court finishes hearing the title suit, verdict is awaited.

September 2010: Allahabad High Court on September 30, 2010 ordered that the 2.77 acre disputed site be divided into three parts among the Hindus, the Muslims and the Nirmohi Akhara. Petitions filed by Mahant Suresh Das, the Sunni Central Board of Wakfs, Nirmohi Akhara, the Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha, Jamait Ulama-I-Hind and others challenged the verdict. A petition was also filed on behalf of Ram Lalla challenging the HC verdict.

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