(Answers must be written in Marathi)
Section A: Language and Folk-Lore
Nature and Functions of Language (with reference to Marathi)
Language as a signifying system: Langue and Parole; Basic functions; Poetic language; Standard Language and dialect; Language variations according to social parameters.
Linguistic features of Marathi in thirteenth century and seventeenth century.
Dialects of Marathi
Ahirani; Varhadi; Dangi
Parts of Speech; Case-system; Prayog-vichar (Voice)
Nature and kinds of Folklore (with special reference to Marathi)
Lok-Geet, Lok Katha, Lok Natya
Section B: History of Literature and Literary Criticism
History of Marathi Literature
From beginning to 1818 AD, with special reference to the following: The Mahanubhava writers, the Varkari poets, the Pandit poets, the Shahirs, Bakhar literature.
From 1850 to 1990, with special reference to developments in the following major forms : Poetry, Fiction (Novel and Short Story), Drama; and major literary currents and movements, Romantic, Realist, Modernist, Dalit Gramin, Feminist.
Nature and function of Literature;
Evaluation of Literature;
Nature, Objectives and Methods of Criticism;
Literature, Culture and Society.
The paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.
Section A: Prose
Mahatma Jotiba Phule - "Shetkaryacha Asud; ‘Sarvajanik Satyadharma’
S.V. Ketkar - ‘Brahmankanya;
P.K. Atre - ‘Sashtang Namaskar’
Sharchchandra Muktibodh - ‘Jana Hey Volatu Jethe’
Uddhav Shelke - ‘Shilan’
Baburao Bagul - ‘Jevha Mi Jaat Chorli Hoti’
Gouri Deshpande - ‘Ekek Paan Galavaya’
P.I. Sonkamble - ‘Athavaninche Pakshi’
Section B: Poetry
‘Namadevanchi Abhangawani’ - Ed: Inamdar, Relekar, Mirajkar, Modern Book Depot, Pune
‘Painjan’ - Ed : M.N. Adwant, Sahitya Prasar Kendra, Nagpur
‘Damayanti-Swayamvar’ - By Raghunath Pandit
‘Balakvinchi Kavita’ - By Balkavi
‘Vishakha’ - By Kusumagraj
‘Mridgandh’ - By Vinda Karandikar
‘Jahirnama’ - By Narayan Surve
‘Sandhyakalchya Kavita’ - By Grace
‘Ya Sattet Jeev Ramat Nahi’ - By Namdev Dhasal