Hyderabad:The demand for Telangana is one of the oldest concerns for a separate state in independent India.
It has seen its share of talks and violence since the early 1960s. Here's looking back to understand what the Telengana agitation is all about.
Telangana is a region comprising ten of Andhra Pradesh's 23 districts. Originally, the region was part of the erstwhile Nizam's princely state of Hyderabad.
In 1948, India put an end to the rule of the Nizams and a Hyderabad state was formed. In 1956, the Telangana part of Hyderabad was merged with the Andhra state.
The Andhra state had been carved out of Madras presidency in 1956 after Potti Sriramulu’s agitation for Telugu statehood.
The people from Telangana were against merger with Andhra as they feared job losses as education levels and development in Andhra were better than in Telangana. There were cultural differences too.
Under Nizam’s rule the culture and language in Telangana bore influence of North India.
In 1969, the Telangana movement intensified under the leadership of Marri Channa Reddy and the Telangana Praja Samiti. There was widespread violence and over 350 protestors were killed in police firing and lathi charge.
However, the movement could not last long as Channa Reddy went on to merge his party with Congress and was eventually made Chief Minister by Indira Gandhi.
In 2001, the movement revived once again when K Chandrashekhar Rao quit the Telugu Desam and formed the Telangana Rashtra Samithi. In 2004, the Congress joined hands with Rao promising separate Telangana but later back tracked.