Mumbai: The debate on rising crimes against women has often been described as a rural-urban divide, with the affluent, urban India portrayed as the cause of moral decadence. But a study shows how rape culture has little to do with economic prosperity or the lack of it but more to do with mindsets.
Be it the three girls of Bhandara, a part of what RSS's Mohan Bhagwat calls 'Bharat' or the Delhi braveheart, who he deemed as part of 'India', rape has no class distinctions. A female security index prepared by Tata Strategic Management group has found that there seems to be little correlation between well being and security of women. Raju Bhinge, CEO of Tata Strategic Managament Group, said, "We found that more than well being, the socio-cultural aspects of the entire region has an impact on female security."
Of the states that ranked high in well being, only Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry ranked high on female security also. Delhi, Punjab and Haryana on the other hand scored high on well being, but low on female security. The BIMARU states and Orissa scored low on both well being and female security.
Northeastern states like Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Tripura ranked low on well being but very high on female security. Surprisingly, tribal districts in the Naxal region like Gadchiroli and Dantewada ranked high on female security, so did high conflict zones in the Northeast.
The data clearly indicates that India's female security problem is neither a rural-urban nor an economic divide. The challenge then for the policy makers is more about addressing the socio-cultural issues present in each region rather than a 'one size fits all' solution for the entire country.