Mains Exam

  • PCS (J) mains exam put on hold after HC issues stay order September 27, 2013

    Allahabad: The Allahabad High Court on Thursday stayed the mains examination for Provincial Civil Services (Judicial), scheduled to begin on Saturday, following allegations of anomalies in the prelims question paper. The order was passed by a Division Bench, comprising Justices Rajesh Kumar and Manoj Misra, on a writ petition alleging that...
  • UPSC: Combined Graduate Level Exam (CGLE) July 12, 2012

    The Commission holds Combined Graduate Level Examination, for recruitment to different posts for which a Graduation from a recognized University is the minimum requirement. The Examination will comprise of twotier written Objective Type examination followed by Computer Proficiency Test / Interview / Skill test, wherever applicable as per the Scheme...
  • UPSC exams: Railways Protection Force (RPF) July 12, 2012

    The Indian Railway Protection Force (IRPF) was formed in the year 1954. IRPF is one of the Group A Central Civil Service of India. The training ground for RPF is at Jagjivan Ram RPF Academy, Lucknow. The cadre controlling authority is the Director General, RPF. Cadre size: 287 posts (direct recruitment:...
  • UPSC exams: Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) July 12, 2012

    The Indian Railway Personnel Services (IRPS) was formed in the year 1981. IRPS is one of the Group A Central Civil Service of India. The cadre controlling authority for IRPS is the Ministry of Railways Cadre size: 275 posts (direct recruitment: 50%, promotion: 50%). Functions of the Officers Arrange recruitment, training of...
  • UPSC exams: Indian Information Service (IIS) July 10, 2012

    The Indian Information Services (IIS) was formed in the year 1987. IIS is one of the Group A Central Civil Service of India. The cadre controlling authority is the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Cadre size: 489 posts (direct recruitment: 50%, promotion: 50%). Functions of the Officers Dissemination of information on government policies,...
  • UPSC exams: Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS) July 10, 2012

    The Defense Accounts Department has a history which is more than two hundred years old. IDAS is one of the Group A Central Civil Service of India. The cadre controlling authority is the Ministry of Defense. The selected candidates' training grounds are at Bangalore, Kolkata, Lucknow, Meerut and Pune. Cadre size:...
  • UPSC exams: Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS) July 10, 2012

    The Indian Railway Accounts Services (IRAS) was formed in the year 1929. IRAS is one of the Group A Central Civil Service of India. The cadre controlling authority for IRAS is the Executive Director. Cadre size: 500 posts (direct recruitment: 50%, promotion: 50%). Organization of Department The Finance and Accounts functions are integrated...
  • UPSC exams: Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS) July 10, 2012

    The Indian Railway Traffic Services (IRTS) was formed in the year 1967. IRTS is one of the Group A Central Civil Service of India. The cadre controlling authority for IRTS is the Ministry of Railways. The selected candidates' training ground is at Indian Railway Institute of Transport Management (IRITM), Lucknow. Cadre size:...
  • UPSC: Indian Audit & Accounts Service (IAAS) July 10, 2012

    The Indian Audit and Accounts Department has a history of more than hundred years old. The Audit Department was formed in 1860 and Government Accounting and Auditing functions were placed under the Auditor General of India. The Auditor General was given statutory recognition in 1919. The status of the Auditor...
  • UPSC exam: IRS (IT, Customs & Central Excise) July 10, 2012

    The IRS comprises of IRS Customs and Central Excise (C&CE) and IRS Income Tax (IT). It is one of the Group a Central Civil Service of India. The cadre controlling authority for IRS is Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue, Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) /...
  • UPSC: What is the role of an IFS officer? July 4, 2012

    The Indian Foreign Service (IFS) was formed in the year of 1946. The cadre controlling authority for IFS is the Foreign Secretary. After selection, the training program consists of two stages, at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Massouri and then at the Foreign Services Institute in New Delhi. Functions...
  • UPSC: What does an IPS officer do? July 4, 2012

    The Indian Police Service (IPS) was formed in the year of 1948. It is one of the three All India Services (the other two are Indian Forest Services and Indian Administrative Services). The cadre controlling authority for IPS is the Ministry of Home Affairs. Cadre size: 3549 posts (direct recruitment...
  • UPSC: What does an IAS do? July 4, 2012

    The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) was formed in the year of 1946. It is one of the three All India Services (the other two are Indian Forest Services and Indian Police Services). The cadre controlling authority for IAS is Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pension, Department of Personnel &...
  • UPSC Civil Services exam: List of Services July 4, 2012

    The Services recruited through Civil Services Examination: All India Services Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Indian Police Service (IPS) Central Civil Services Group A Indian Foreign Service (IFS) Indian Revenue Service (IRS) Income Tax Indian Revenue Service (IRS) Customes & Central Excise Indian Audits & Accounts Service (IA&AS) Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS) Indian...
  • UPSC Civil Services exam: Are you eligible? July 4, 2012

    Nationality A candidate must be either: (a) A citizen of India, or (b) a subject of Nepal, or (c) a subject of Bhutan, or (d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. (e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Urdu July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Urdu) Paper I Section A Development of Urdu Language Development of IndoAryan: Old IndoAryan, Middle Indo Aryan and New Indo Aryan Western Hindi and its dialects: Brij Bhasha, Khadi Boli, Haryanavi, Kannauji, Bundeli Theories about the origin of Urdu Language Dakhani Urdu: Origin and development, its significant linguistic...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Telugu July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Telugu) Paper I Section A: Language Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity Etymological history of Telugu, Tenugu and Andhra. Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical and syntactical levels, from ProtoDravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu to Modern Telugu. Evolution of...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Tamil July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Tamil) Paper I Section A Part 1: History of Tamil Language Major Indian Language Families The place of Tamil among Indian languages in general and Dravidian in particularEnumeration and Distributionof Dravidian languages. The language of Sangam literature The language of medieval Tamil: Pallava period onlyHistorical study...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Sindhi July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Sindhi Arabic or Devanagari script) Paper I Section A Origin and evolution of Sindhi languageviews of different scholars Significant linguistic features of Sindhi language, including those pertaining to its phonology, morphology and syntax Major dialects of the Sindhi language Sindhi vocabularystages of its growth, including those in the prepartition and...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Sanskrit July 4, 2012

    Paper I Section A There will be three questions in the question paper which must be answered in Sanskrit. The remaining questions must be answered either in Sanskrit or in the medium of examination opted by the candidate. Significant features of the grammar, with particular stress on Sanjna, Sandhi, Karaka, Samasa, Kartari and...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Russian July 4, 2012

    Answers must be written in Russian except in the case of question regarding translation from Russian to English. Paper I: Language and Culture Section A Modern Russian Language: Phonetics, Morphology, Syntax, Lexicology, Lexicography and Semantics, linguistics Translation from Russian into English and viceversa Section B Sociopolitical and economical development of the Russian Federation: Patriotic war of...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Punjabi July 4, 2012

    Answers must be written in Punjabi Gurumukhi Script Paper I Section A Origin of Punjabi language: different stages of development and recent development in Punjabi language; characteristics of Punjabi phonology and the study of its tones; classification of vowels and consonants. Punjabi morphology: the numbergender system (animate and inanimate), prefixes, affixes and different...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Persian July 4, 2012

    Paper I There will be two questions which must be answered in Persian. The remaining questions must be answered either in Persian or in the medium of examination opted by the candidate. Section A Description of the origin and development of Persian language (to be answered in Persian). Applied Grammar, Rhetorics, Prosody, Idioms...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Pali July 4, 2012

    Paper I: Pali Language (Answers must be written in Pali language Devanagari or Roman Script) Section A Origin and Homeland of Pli and its characteristics. Pli Grammar: Technical Terms of Pli Grammar Akkhara, Sara, Vyajana, Niggahta, Nma, Sabbanma, khyta, Upasagga, Nipta, Abyaya Kraka Samsa Sandhi Taddhita. (Apaccabodhakaand dhikrabodhakaPaccaya) Etymological derivation of the following words: Buddho, Bhikkhu, Smanero, Satth, Dhammo,...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Oriya July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Oriya) Paper I Section A History of Oriya Language Origin and development of Oriya Language: Influence of Austric, Dravidian, PersoArabic and English on Oriya Language. Phonetics and Phonemics: Vowels, Consonants Principles of changes in Oriya sounds. Morphology: Morphemes (free, bound compound and complex), derivational and inflectional affixes, case inflection, conjugation of...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Nepali July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Nepali) Paper I Section A History of the origin and development of Nepali as one of the new IndoAryan Languages. Fundamentals of Nepali Grammar and phonology: Nominal forms and categories: Gender, Number, Case, Adjectives, Pronouns, Avyayas Verbal forms and categories: Tense, Aspects, Voice, Roots and Fixes Nepali Swara and Vyanjana Major Dialects of...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Marathi July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Marathi) Paper I Section A: Language and FolkLore Nature and Functions of Language (with reference to Marathi) Language as a signifying system: Langue and Parole; Basic functions; Poetic language; Standard Language and dialect; Language variations according to social parameters. Linguistic features of Marathi in thirteenth century and seventeenth century. Dialects of...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Manipuri July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Manipuri) Paper I Section A Language General characteristics of Manipuri Language and history of its development; its importance and status among the TibetoBurman Languages of NorthEast India; recent development in the study of Manipuri language; evolution and study of old Manipuri script. Significant features of Manipuri language Phonology: Phonemevowels, consonants juncture,...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Malayalam July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Malayalam) Paper I Section A Unit 1 Early phase of Malayalam Language Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit. Relation between Tamil and Malayalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajarajavarma. Pattu schooldefinition, Ramacharitam, later pattu worksNiranam works and Krishnagatha. Unit 2 Linguistics of Malayalam Maniprvalam: definition. Language of early manipravala works...
  • UPSC Civil Services Mains exam syllabus: Maithili July 4, 2012

    (Answers must be written in Maithili) Paper I Section A History of Maithili Language Place of Maithili in Indo European language family. Origin and development of Maithili language. (Sanskrit, Prakrit, Avhatt, Maithili) Periodic division of Maithili Language. (Beginning, Middle era, Modern era) Maithili and its different dialects. Relationship between Maithili and other Eastern languages (Bengali, Assamese, Oriya ) Origin...