Root and Anderson registered the world record for highest 10th-wicket patnership.
Remarkable stand by Root gave England the lead over the visitors.
Indian bowlers were shaky as England fought back remarkably on the fourth morning.
James Anderson made his highest Test score as well as by an England number 11.
Indian players forming a huddle after bowling out England for 496 in the first innings at Trent Bridge. (Getty Images)
Shikhar Dhawan failed once again in the first Test as he was caught and bowled by Moeen Ali for just 29. (AP Photo)
India's Cheteshwar Pujara, left, avoids a high ball while England captain Alastair Cook reacts during day four of the first Test at Trent Bridge. (AP Photo)
India's Murali Vijay walks back to the pavilion after being bowled by England's Moeen Ali caught Matt Prior for 52 runs. (AP Photo)